GeoSmart consortium comprises of 19 partners across Europe. All the partners have complementary expertise necessary to develop, disseminate and exploit the GeoSmart project.


Established in Cambridge, UK in 1946 and with several facilities across the globe, TWI (www.twi-global.com) is one of Europe’s foremost independent research and technology organisations, employing 740 scientists, technologists, administrative and support staff world-wide (523 in the UK and Europe) and with annual (2017) group turnover of £60 million. TWI works across all industry sectors with expertise in key aspects of materials, materials joining, structural integrity, static and dynamic testing and Non Destructive Testing (NDT) and Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and has representation on over 100 standards committees.

Involvement in the project:

Managing the dissemination of the project, contributing technically and developing the safety protocol for the project’s sites.


VITO is a leading European independent research organisation in the areas of clean tech and sustainable development, elaborating solutions for the large societal challenges of today. VITO’s headquarters are in Mol, Belgium and the company has subsidiary in China. The total turnover of VITO amounted to about 174 million Euros in 2016. VITO has 784 highly qualified employees who work on international projects all around the world.

Involvement in the project:

Implementing everything required at one of the project’s sites.


ZORLU Energy Group was funded with the establishment of Zorlu Enerji Elektrik Uretim inc. (Zorlu Energy) in 1993. It is a group of companies serving at a global scale in different field of the energy sector. Zorlu Energy Group offers an integrated service in various fields of the energy sector.

Involvement in the project:

Geothermal Power Plant owner and one of the demo site providers.


CEA is a Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) and a full member of EARTO. It aims to produce, integrate and transfer science and technology to help resolve the main EU challenges and to exploit opportunities for new wealth creation, improved standards of living and economic competitiveness.

Involvement in the project:

Optimising and developing materials and processes.


The "European Geothermal Energy Council" (EGEC) is an international association founded in May 1998. It plays a vital role in geothermal business development in Europe. EGEC is based in Brussels, Belgium, and unites more than 120 companies and organisations, from 23 European countries, representing more than 500 entities working in the geothermal field in Europe. The main goal of EGEC is to foster market development for geothermal energy, and to work for improvement of business conditions in Europe.

Involvement in the project:

Policy and business plan development and dissemination activity.


The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.) is the leading organization for applied research in Germany and a highly reputed research organization within Europe and worldwide. It comprises 67 institutes in Germany as well as research centres and offices in Europe, USA and Asia. The institutes operate independently and are involved in a diverse range of research areas, with a total of 23 000 employees, the majority of whom are qualified scientists and engineers. The combined annual research budget is more than 2 billion €. With a staff of 1150, the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE in Freiburg, Germany is the largest solar energy research institute in Europe.

Involvement in the project:

Optimization of thermal storage and system’s integration analysis.


Spike Renewables S.r.l. is an Engineering Company focused on system engineering that deals with all aspect of a project from design to construction and integration. Spike overlaps and manages technical and human-centered disciplines such as design, industrial engineering, control engineering, project management and cost monitoring.

Involvement in the project:

Retention tank development and the control system for one of the plants.


ON was established in Iceland in 2013 as a daughter company of Reykjavik Energy. ON is a leading power company that produces electricity, mainly by harnessing geothermal energy, to more than half of the population of Iceland. The company is a world leader in the utilisation of geothermal energy, and produces electricity and geothermal water for heating. Renewable power sources account for more than 70% of the total primary energy consumption in Iceland.

Involvement in the project:

Active role in policy development and dissemination activities.


The University of Iceland (UoI), founded in 1911, is a research led state university, situated in the heart of Reykjavík, the capital of Iceland. A modern, diversified and rapidly developing institution, the University of Iceland offers internationally competitive undergraduate and graduate programs based on the Bologna system. The University employs over 1.500 people, and has over 14.000 students of which there are close to 500 PhD students.

Involvement in the project:

Lead the scaling reduction technology and system implementation.


Middle East Technical University (METU) is a public research university founded in 1956. METU is the first and only university in Turkey to enter the top 100 in The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014 list, and in 2016 was ranked as the top public university in Turkey by the QC World University Rankings. METU has 107 graduate and 69 doctorate programs available in the Graduate Schools of Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Informatics, Applied Mathematics, and Marine Sciences.

Involvement in the project:

Investigate the system’s integration with Biomass, electrical and other sources.


The knowledge based company Gerosion was founded in 2014 after having being selected to participate in the first energy business accelerator in Iceland: Start-up Energy Reykjavik. Gerosion specializes in solutions for the geothermal sector and provides consultation, material testing and specialized research and development work for entities in the geothermal and petroleum industries. Gerosion also specializes in materials science research for the building industry and energy intensive industries.

Involvement in the project:

Develop the mineral extraction system.


Founded in 1997 as a private non-profit institution, Kadir Has University (KHAS) is one of the leading mid-size universities in Turkey. The university, which has six faculties and three vocational schools, is dedicated to becoming a leader in university education in Turkey and neighbouring areas. More than 5000 undergraduate students were enrolled in 2016 at twenty-nine different departments in the faculties of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Communications, Law, Art and Design, and Applied Sciences.

Involvement in the project:

Support ZORLU for all their integration study and implementation.


TVS consultants are pioneer in KBE research in the UK. Their research is focused on highlighting how the KBE method can bring added value to achieve design automation and how KBE can help reduce the amount of time spent on various phases of the design life cycle.

Involvement in the project:

Develop GeoSmart Knowledge based database and artificial neural network, decision support system and perform impact assessment for case studies.


FlowPhys AS is an SME located in the outskirts of Oslo, Norway. FlowPhys AS specializes in developing fast and efficient software for engineering analyses. The main product is the software FlowPhys, which is a finite element based software for general geometries in 1D, 2D, and 3D.

Involvement in the project:

Implement and develop models for thermal energy storages, retention tank and heat exchanger, Perform flow assurance simulations for both sites.


Pvald is established based on Pall Valdimarsson’s long term experience in the field of ORC geothermal energy. Its focus is: Geothermal Utilization and Thermal Engineering Consulting, Training and Teaching on Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), Geothermal Flash Steam, and District Heating. PVald is active and responsible for thermal design of geothermal power plans for several companies. It also supports project execution e.g. design reviews, process and its optimization and follow up the installation and commissioning as well as frequent trouble shooting in house and at sites.

Involvement in the project:

Leading the technical management of the whole project.


CoSviG (Consortium for the Development of Geothermal Areas) is a public company, founded in 1988 with the aim of promoting the local socio-economic development and to cooperate with Local Authorities, coordinating technical and financial fulfilments linked to the use of royalties resulting from geothermal exploitation.

Involvement in the project:

Policy development and dissemination for the uptake of the technology.


IceTec is an independent, non-profit, research organization that serves as a bridge between industry and academia. Formerly a part of Innovation Center Iceland, IceTec has four decades of experience in the fields of material science, biotechnology and energy and has played a major role in both domestic and European research projects


The Natuerlich Insheim GmbH was founded in 2021 as part of the Vulcan Energy Resources GmbH. The main task of the company is the promotion of geothermal energy in the Upper Rhine Graben. To reach this goal, Natuerlich Insheim GmbH is operating a deep geothermal power plant at the Insheim site in southern Palatinate (Germany). The plant generates a maximum electrical output of 4.8 megawatts using an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), which supplies up to 8 000 households with electrical energy at around 8 000 operating hours per year. Additionally, the energy of the thermal water (approx. 168 °C) has the potential to provide district heating of up to 800 households. The Insheim geothermal power plant can be considered as representative for mid-enthalpy geothermal systems in the Upper Rhine Graben, Europe’s prime area for enhanced geothermal system (EGS) research and development.


Involvement in the project:

Geothermal power plant owner and one of the demo site providers.



Naldeo is a leading French engineering and consulting firm serving public and private entities from the early project stages all the way through construction. Our services range from feasibility studies, environmental management, and due diligence to construction supervision and operation management.

Naldeo has accrued more than a thousand of references through 50 years of experience in 5 major business sectors: Water & Sanitation, Solid Waste management, Environment, Energy and Urban Development.

Naldeo is ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, and ISO 50001 certified.